Bohmong circle

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Chronological Chart of Bohmongs

Royal Throne of Bohmong chief

Chronological Chart of Bohmongs  

  • Raja MONG SAW PRU, 1st Governor of the Bohmong Circle 1599/1631, son of King Nanda Bayin of Pegu, Burma; he was subject to the Arakan Kingdom, married and had issue.

                     Raja Men Rai Pru (qv)

  • Raja MEN RAI PRU ,2nd Governor of the Bohmong Circle 1631/1665, married and had issue.

                     Raja Hari Pru (qv)
                     Raja Hari Gneo (qv)

  • Raja HARI PRU, 3rd Governor of the Bohmong Circle 1665/1687
  • Raja HARI GNEO, 4th Governor of the Bohmong Circle 1687/1727, married and had issue.

                    Raja Koung Hla Pru (qv)

  • Raja KOUNG HLA PRU, 5th Raja of the Bohmong Circle 1727/1811, born 1708, he was the first Raja to actually enter the Chittagong hill tracts region with his followers, and they settled in the Sangu valley now known as Bandarban Rajbari; married and had issue. He died 1811.

                  Raja Sathun Pru (qv)
                  Raja Kong Hla Gneo (qv)
                 Raja Mong Pru (qv)

  • Raja SATHUN PRU, 6th Raja of the Bohmong Circle 1811/1840
  • Raja KONG HLA GNEO, 7th Raja of the Bohmong Circle 1840/1866
  • Raja MONG PRU, 8th Raja of the Bohmong Circle 1866/1875
  • Raja SANA YEO [Sa Nhine Nyo], 9th Raja of the Bohmong Circle 1875/1901, he introduced the system of Bohmong Raj Punnyah or annual revenue collection in 1879; he entered into an agreement with the British by signing the Chittagong Hill Tracts;
  • Raja CHOW HLA PRU, 10th Raja of the Bohmong Circle 1901/1923, he succeeded his uncle in 1901.
  • Raja MONG CHOW GNEO, 11th Raja of the Bohmong Circle 1916/1923, he succeeded his cousin as Joint Raja
  • Raja KYAW ZAN PHROO, 12th Raja of the Bohmong Circle 1923/1933, he succeeded his cousin as Raja in 1923; married and had issue.

                     Raja Kyaw Zaw San (qv)

                     Raja Maung Shwe Pru (qv)

  • Raja KYAW ZAW SAN, 13th Raja of the Bohmong Circle 1933/1948 (abdicated), died 1953.
  • Raja MAUNG SHWE PRUE CHOWDHURY, 14th Raja of the Bohmong Circle 1948/1959
  • Raja AUNG SHWE PRUE CHOWDHURY, 15th Raja of the Bohmong Circle 1959/2012, State Minister for Food in the Ziaur Rahman Government of Bangladesh; married and had issue, six sons and two daughters. He died on 8th August 2012 aged 98 years.
  • Raja KASINE PRUE CHOWDHURY, 16th Raja of the Bohmong Circle [8.8.2012] - [6.2.2013], he succeeded to the throne on 8th August 2012 and was crowned on 20th November 2012; married and had issue, two sons and five daughters. He died 6th February 2013 aged 80 years, at the Royal Palace following a cardiac arrest, the funeral was held on 22nd February.
  • Raja U SAW PRUR CHOWDHURY, 17th Raja of the Bohmong Circle

edited by Richie aung

Symbol of Bohmong Circle

The “Bohmong” title:

In 1620 for resisting the Portuguese invasion with extreme courage and valor, the Arakanese King Mong Kha Maung conferred the title “Bohmong”  to Maung Saw Pru, which means the Great General. After the death of Bohmong Maung Saw Pru, two successors retained the Bohmong title.
During the time of “Bohmong Hari Ngyo” for his extreme bravery to recapture the chittagong from Mughols in 1720, the Arakanese King Chainda Wizia conferred on him the grand title of “Bohmong Gree”, meaning “The great Commander-in-Chief”.
In the face of growing Mughol’s presence and weakened of Arakanese dominance, the Bohmong yielded to the demand of Mughols as payment of yearly tributes as he felt insecure on the heel of Arakanese pull out.
Then the Bohmongs continued to enjoy their political supremacy through the Mughal to the British colonial reign till 1860, when the CHT was formally annexed to the British Indian Empire and declared into a full-fledged district.

                                                                             edited by Richie Aung

Bohmong Raja Maung Shwe Prue Chowdhury '14th'(1959-1996)

The Bohmang Raja(Circle Chief)

In 1599 A.D. the Maharaja Maung Rajagree, the King of Arakan led to the capitulation of “Hainthawadee” or Kingdom of Pegu. “Nainda Bayin”, The king of Pegu was defeated and perished in the war. The beautiful young daughter of Nainda Bayin, Thien Daw Hnang & minor Prince Maung Saw Prue were taken to “Mrawk U”, the capital of Arakan, as captive along with other booties. Some 3000 families from Pegu followed the scion of their ruler and settled in Arakan.

Later, the successor of Maung Rajagree and the then Arakanese King Mong Khyai Maung married the princes & appointed his brother-in-law “Maung Saw Pru” as the governor of annexed Chittagong in 1614. The 3000 families that accompanied the captive prince were allowed to settle in the region around Chittagong. The present Marma people are the descendents of these groups.


                                                                                                  edited by Richie Aung